Archive | Vol. 12/2019 | No. 2
Panzer, Christoph [Publishing editor]
Mitteilung der Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber / Bröckling, Ulrich [Autor:in] – 2019
Editorial: ‚Radikalisierung’ zwischen semantischem Platzhalter und Schlüsselbegriff / Panzer, Christoph [Autor:in] – 2019
Radicalization as a hegemonic paradigm : an empirically-based critical review
Jukschat, Nadine; Leimbach, Katharina
Radicalism and extremism as contrary rationalities : a radicalization of the radicalization concept
This contribution problematizes the circumstance that the concept of radicalization has been decoupled from its morphemic roots: the meaning of being radical. In discourse on political violence it is mostly understood as an increase in (violent) extremism, and as such it has a feedback effect on what is understood by being radical or radicalism. Conflating these terms increasingly with extremism, a semantic confusion has been created that makes the analysis of processes towards political violence indifferent and prone to fallacies. Based on an outline of problems inherent to dominant interpretations of radicalization and following an historically informed understanding of radicalism, it is thus argued that extremism and radicalism should be conceptualized as contrary rationalities. From this perspective, extremism is a rationality that features a strong reduction in complexity and is extreme insofar as it reads social problems as epitomized by dichotomous groups of people. Radicalism, in turn, assumes a complexity of society and is radical insofar as it puts its problems down to structural roots. Accordingly, there should also be a distinction between an increase in extremism (extremization) and an increase in radicalism (radicalization), while the process towards violence should be understood as militantization: a process that can derive from both rationalities, but differs in its derivation and expressions. Which benefits for research on political violence may be derived from putting the concept of radicalization down to its morphemic roots – a conceptual radicalization, so to say – will be discussed conclusively.
Defenseless against salafism on the internet? : opportunities and limitations of counter-narratives
Sold, Manjana; Abay Gaspar, Hande
Within the framework of extremism prevention and the development of deradicalization programs, but also in science, politics and in the context of civil society, so-called “counter-narratives” are increasingly given an important role. While prevention actors are increasingly working with counter-narratives and are developing model projects, research on counternarratives remains relatively scarce and its impact has so far been underexplored. In addition, critical perspectives on counter-narratives that fear a sovereignty of interpretation are on the rise. The article provides an empirical insight into counter-narratives from Salafist profiles in the social network Facebook. It emphasizes the potential of counter-narratives to prevent extremism, but at the same time pleads for a reflected use of them. Furthermore, the authors emphasize that the use of counter-narratives is only one aspect of prevention work and should therefore not be understood as the sole remedy.
Exit as radicalization : withdrawal as dissident far-right policies
Fielitz, Maik; Wallmeier, Philip
Radicalization is usually understood as a process that leads individuals or groups to reject a social order and to express this by using violence. This narrow definition of radicalization, however, blocks from sight other radicalized forms of resistance that do not participate in a competition for attention: such as the withdrawal from society. While researchers usually use the concept “exit” to denote the deradicalization of individuals, we use it, in contrast, to denote a form of radicalization which rejects even protest as a system-sustaining form of resistance. In order to show the analytical leverage of our conceptualization, we scrutinize the Volkish Settlers as a form of collective withdrawal and the Reichsbürger as a form of individual withdrawal in the context of German far-right extremism.
[Rezension von: Jan Klaus Müggenburg: Lebhafte Artefakte: Heinz von Foerster und die Maschinen des Biological Computer Laboratory] / Bogner, Ole [Autor:in] – 2019
[Rezension von: Wendy Brown, Peter E. Gordon, Max Pensky: Authoritarianism. Three inquiries in critical theory] / Heumann, Maurits [Autor:in] – 2019
[Rezension von: Sebastian Huhnholz: Von Carl Schmitt zu Hannah Arendt? Heidelberger Entstehungsspuren und bundesrepublikanische Liberalisierungsschichten von Reinhart Kosellecks Kritik und Krise] / Potsch, Lukas [Autor:in] – 2019
[Rezension von: Jürgen Link: Normalismus und Antagonismus in der Postmoderne. Krise, New Normal, Populismus] / Schoog, Florentine [Autor:in] – 2019